The EU's 'acquis' is the body of common rights and obligations that are binding on all EU countries, as EU Members. It is constantly evolving and comprises:
Acceptable daily intake: An estimate of the amount of a substance in food or drinking water that can be consumed over a lifetime without presenting an appreciable risk to health. It is usually expressed as milligrams of the substance per kilogram of body weight and applies to chemical substances such as food additives, pesticide residues and veterinary drugs.
The average requirement (AR) is the level of a nutrient in the diet that meets the daily needs of half the people in a typical healthy population.
Amnesic shellfish poison. See Regulation (EC) No 853/2004.
The body mass index (BMI) is a measurement that expresses the relationship between an individual’s weight and height. BMI is calculated by dividing weight in kilograms by height in metres squared (i.e. height x height). Used to assess whether someone’s weight is appropriate.
Common agricultural policy (CAP): This is the set of legislation and practices adopted by the European Union to provide a common, unified policy on agriculture. The initial measures were introduced in 1962. Since then, the policy has been adapted and developed and has undergone a number of reforms.
The founding fathers of the European Union realised that for farmers and the countryside to be prosperous and for consumers to be able to afford, at all times, to buy food in the shops then it was necessary to have a Common Agricultural Policy to stabilise agricultural and food prices and to encourage the technical progress in farming. This would prevent a recurrence of past problems of food scarcity and poverty in the countryside.
Critical Control Point
The European Committee for Standardisation.
Regulation (EU) No 1308/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 December 2013 establishing a common organisation of the markets in agricultural products
Codex Alimentarius of FAO/WHO.
Codification is the process of bringing together a legal act (or several related acts) and all its amendments into a single new act.
Codification can take 2 forms:
The term ‘comitology’ refers to the set of procedures through which the European Commission exercises the implementing powers conferred on it by the EU legislator, with the assistance of committees of representatives from EU countries. Such comitology committees are chaired by a Commission official and give an opinion on implementing acts proposed by the Commission.
When an EU legal act is consolidated, it means that the original act and all its subsequent amendments and corrections are combined in a single easy-to-read document. This document shows the legal rules which are applicable at a certain point in time. Consolidation strictly follows instructions stated in the amending act and does not alter the content in any way. There is no change to the act’s form or content. Consolidation in EUR-lexis thus an unofficial simplification of the legislation in the interests of clarity and may then be used as a basis for codification.
Eurowet offers full consolidated up-to-date texts of all legislation that is of interest for the food & drink sector.
Abbreviation used to refer to the committee of permanent representatives to the European Union. The committee is made up by the representatives (ambassadors or their represemtatives) of the EU countries. They prepare the proposals for the Council. Chairman is the ambassador from the member state holding the rotating EU presidency at the time. The coreper discusses the proposals and drafts for laws tabled by the European Commission, before they are put on the agenda for the European Council.
|Court of Justice (institutional)||
The Court of Justice, together with the General Court, forms the Court of Justice of the European Union whose aim is to ensure the uniform interpretation of EU law and that EU countries and institutions respect the law.